What To Plant:

  • Bare root strawberries now for spring harvest. Consider planting in a raised bed, hanging baskets, a barrel or an attractive strawberry pot.

  • Artichokes! Fill a hole with one part humus and two parts soil. Plant with buds at surface and add mulch after growth starts.

  • Brighten the garden with jewel colored bedding plants. Refresh your garden containers with primroses, pansies, Iceland poppies and more.

  • Camellias are at their peak so plant now. They bloom best when planted in spots sheltered from strong sun and dry winds.

  • Make your first planting of gladiolus this month and follow up with additional plantings at 15-25 day intervals until July for color from spring to early fall.  

  • This is a good month to germinate seedlings indoors so they are ready to harden off before going into the garden soil.

Plant Relocating:

  • Move your living Christmas tree outdoors. Care for other holiday gift plants such as azaleas and cyclamen by placing them outside where they will thrive in cooler temperatures.

  • Move houseplants that need high light value closer to the light source while days are short.

  • This is one of the best times to transplant both evergreen and deciduous shrubs.

  • Divide overcrowded perennials this month.

  • Fill that “hole” left by the Christmas tree with one of our beautiful specimen sized houseplants or choose several smaller ones to brighten up the room.  Check through the glass house for a “replacement”.

Plant Protection

  • Place three inches of mulch around trees, shrubs and flowerbeds to keep weeds under control. Keep the mulch away from the trunks of trees and shrubs as well as the stems of bedding plants to prevent crown rot.

  • Remove old flowers on camellias and azaleas to reduce the chance of petal blight. Don’t forget to rake under the shrubs, bag up the debris and remove from the garden.

  • Spray peach and other fruit tree varieties for leaf curl now and again just before they bloom to prevent a severe fungus attack in the spring.

  • Watch for sprouting weeds. If they are pulled out young it will save you time, money on herbicides and besides… it’s good exercise!

Fertilizers

  • Feed the lawn monthly even during cold winter months. This maintains its green color and minimizes rust disease. Masters Fall and Winter lawn fertilizer is especially formulated for the season.

  • This is the month to apply Master Nursery Hydrangea Blue and monthly hereafter until summer for bright blue hydrangeas.

Maintenance

  • Be sure to check outdoor container plants for water.  They can still dry out even though winter is typically very wet, pay special attention to hanging plants and other container plants protected by the eaves of your home.  Drier than normal conditions could stress out or kill plants if a hard frost should hit.

  • The winter brings high winds and lots of rain. Now is the time to check your trees and roses for strong stakes and ties. Replace any stakes that are cracked and worn out with new ones. Replace weather damaged ties.

  • If you haven’t already done it, prune your dormant trees (especially fruit trees). Wait to prune spring flowering trees or shrubs until they finish blooming.

  • Rake up leaves and debris from lawn so a build up won’t flatten the grass. 

  • Prune your roses, leaving only the most vigorous and healthiest canes. Check with a California Certified Nursery Professional for advice.